Ephesus Library

Ephesus is considered one of the great outdoor museums of Turkey, in fact perhaps of the world. It is located on the south of Izmir's Selcuk County.

In 92 A.D. Tiberius Julius Celsus Polem Aeanus was a consul in Rome, and was in charge of all public buildings. Between either 105-106 or 106-107 A.D. he was the proconsul (governor) of the Asian province, the capital of which was Ephesus, where he died in 114 A.D. at the age of seventy. His son Tiberius Julius Aquila, built the library as a heroon (mausoleum) for his father. It is assumed that the construction of the library was completed in 117 A.D.

The building is made of marble and decorated with figures of Eros, Nike, rosettes and garlands in relief. The building reflects the characteristics of the age of Emperor Hadrian. The facade is two-storied. On the lower storey, the columns with Corinthian capitals are placed on a 21 metre long podium reached by nine steps. The columns are arranged in pairs and between them there are three doors with richly decorated frames.
Ephesus. Turkey 2005
Stephen Mc Donald